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Avera Medical Group Liver Disease

Plaza 3
1315 S. Cliff Avenue, Suite 1100
Sioux Falls, SD 57105

Patient Education

The term "liver disease" can apply to many diseases and disorders that cause the liver to function improperly or cease functioning. Abnormal results of liver function tests often suggest liver disease. Get information below on common forms of liver disease.

Liver Disease

Early referral and partnership with a Hepatologist can optimize the treatment and outcome for the patient. Common warning signs of liver disease signaling a need for consultation with a Hepatologist include:

  • Elevated AST, ALT, Alk Phos
  • Elevated bilirubin, jaundice
  • Liver mass
  • Abnormal liver on imaging studies
  • Signs of portal hypertension: splenomegaly, esophageal varices, ascites

Liver disease can result from a variety of acute and chronic conditions, which may include infections, toxins or inherited or auto immune diseases. Medication and lifestyle changes may often reverse or decrease symptoms of liver disease.

  • Viral Hepatitis (Hepatitis B and C)
  • Liver Cirrhosis (non-alcoholic and alcoholic)
  • Cancers of the liver and bile ducts (hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma), metastasis from colorectal and neuroendocrine tumors
  • Genetic conditions, autoimmune hepatitis
  • Granulomatous disease of the liver
  • NASH (non alcoholic steatohepatitis)
  • Fatty liver disease — Affects up to twenty-five percent of the US population. Twenty percent of people diagnosed with fatty liver disease will develop liver failure, requiring the need for liver transplantation. Patients identified to be at risk for fatty liver disease should receive annual ALT blood testing along with their regular primary prevention screening. Risk factors for fatty liver disease include obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol.

Liver Disease Information from Our Health Library

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